Myocardial infarction is recognized by the sudden onset of characteristic symptoms: severe pain in the chest, in the precordial area (where the tie), feeling of general malaise, dizziness, nausea and sweating. Pain may extend to the left arm, jaw, shoulder, back or neck.
How to prevent it?
Being a disease that does not have previous symptoms, it is very important to try to detect it before it manifests clinically, that is, to carry out what is called “primary prevention”.
For this purpose, it is advisable, from the age of 30, to carry out clinical and / or cardiological controls periodically. There the professional will perform studies such as echocardiogram, and electrocardiogram of rest and / or strength. Ergometry can also be carried out, which would encompass the patient’s overall risk. Then, according to the results, progress will be made or not with more complex studies.
In this preventive stage, doctors focus on identifying if the patient is within the parameters that we call risky, and then emphasize the recommendation of hygienic dietary measures.
If you smoke stop doing it
Do aerobic activity 3 times a week, regardless of age. Examples: running, walking, swimming or cycling. Going to the gym to do weights does not fulfill the same function.
Have a healthy diet, increasing the intake of fibers found in fruits and vegetables, and the consumption of unsaturated fatty acids, present in fish and olive oil.
For those patients who already had a heart attack, “secondary prevention” is practiced, with which it is sought to avoid suffering another. The methods are similar, but drugs are added that enhance the effects of control over lipids or hypertension, depending on each particular case.