Diabetes. Heart problems are the leading cause of death among diabetics, especially those who suffer from adult or type II diabetes (also called “non-insulin-dependent diabetes”). Certain racial and ethnic groups (Blacks, Hispanics, Asians, Polynesians, Micronesians, Melanesians, and Amerindians) are at increased risk of diabetes. The American Heart Association (AHA) estimates that 65% of diabetic patients die of some type of cardiovascular disease. If you know you have diabetes, you should be monitored by a doctor, because good control of blood glucose (sugar) levels can reduce your cardiovascular risk. If you think you may have diabetes but are not sure, ask the doctor who will perform the corresponding tests.
Obesity and overweight. It is believed that excessive weight can raise total cholesterol levels, cause hypertension and increase the risk of coronary artery disease. Obesity increases the chances of acquiring other cardiovascular risk factors, especially hypertension, high blood cholesterol levels and diabetes.
Currently, many doctors measure obesity by using the body mass index (BMI), which is calculated by dividing the kilograms of weight by the square of the height in meters (BMI = kg / m2). According to the National Institute of the Lungs, the Heart and the Blood of the United States (NHLBI), a person is considered to be overweight if he has a BMI higher than 25 and that is obese if the figure is higher than 30.
Body mass index.
The body mass index (BMI) is a formula used to evaluate body weight in relation to height. The formula allows to measure body composition and has proven to be an effective way to determine body fat. To calculate your BMI, enter your height and weight below.